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theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses

Grades 9–10 • Reproduction of Young Man by an unknown artist R.CCR.4 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. Three to four 50-minute class periods Inform students that the god Apollo was called by different names, depending on which role or duty he was fulfilling in a story. Distribute copies of "Daphne and Phoebus" to your students. Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. (The hair, like leaves, hides the face; arms like branches; feet like roots; the abdomen, the trunk, etc.) • What part of the story does the artist draw in this image? 4.2 Compare the ways in which the meaning of a specific work of art has been affected over time because of changes in interpretation and context, The Theme of Transformation in Poetry: Ovid's Metamorphoses, Exploring Art of the Ancient World at the Getty Villa, Assessing Online Resources for K-12 Teachers, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, http://www.theoi.com/Text/OvidMetamorphoses1.html#6, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814, http://jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791. 37. But for some, the Metamorphoses sits uneasily alongside its more morally and patriotically sound predecessors. Subjects: Visual Arts, English–Language Arts Nestor then tells the story of the Centauromachy, which was fought at the wedding of the Lapith king Perithous (Peirithoos) and Hippodameia after the Centaurs, unused to alcohol, became intoxicated and tried to abduct the bride -- abduction being a common theme in Metamorphoses, as well. Metamorphoses or Transformations refers to the change of shape and form of the characters of the poem. • How does Apollo try to convince Daphne of his love? There are calls for Ovid's Metamorphoses to be taught with a trigger warning. Based on the poetry of Hesiod (Works and Days, and Theogony) and Callimachus (Aetia), the Metamorphoses features a collection separate stories linked by the common theme of transformation. The transformation theme unifies the episodes of the book. 4.2 Compare the ways in which the meaning of a specific work of art has been affected over time because of changes in interpretation and context, The Theme of Transformation in Poetry: Ovid's Metamorphoses, Exploring Art of the Ancient World at the Getty Villa, Assessing Online Resources for K-12 Teachers, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, http://www.theoi.com/Text/OvidMetamorphoses1.html#6, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814, http://jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml, http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791. (She prays to her father, a river god, that her purity remain intact and that her beauty be destroyed. • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. Visual Arts Content Standards for California State Public Schools What was its function? The skeptical man was angry at the way the citizens of Thebes rushed … RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. Before him, there was Nicander’s Heteroeumena, whose title is usually translated as ‘metamorphoses’, but Nicander’s poem has been lost. Have students write a poem that describes a transformation they've experienced. It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. In part two, students read an ekphrastic poem by Rainer Maria Rilke and study a … Jupiter, for example, takes on any number of disguises, such as turning himself into a bull, to pursue mortal women. ‘I intend to speak of forms changed into new entities.’ 3. • What does their body language suggest to you? Many of the tales told by Ovid interact with the theme of impossible love—but especially the story of … A study in the transformations of a literary symbol Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. • Use simile and hyperbole to describe the experience. The idea of transformation has long been a well-used theme in Western literature. • Reproduction of Apollo and Daphne by Jan Boeckhorst Share with students that artists often interpret stories from the past in original works of art. Throughout the story, he takes beliefs that were significant at the time, and mocks them through the theme of transformation. ... Egeria's transformation occurs in the fifteenth and final book of Ovid's poem. His encyclopedic poem, The Metamorphoses, follows a narrative thread from the creation of the Earth to the transformation of Caesar into a god. Nudity in art was reserved for mythological subjects, with the gods and goddesses nude as compared to clothed humanity. Grades 9–12 Students will be assessed on their ability to: It is usually the cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining. (He fashions some leaves from the tree in the form of a crown to wear upon his head to remember his love for Daphne.) Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. The Saylor Foundation 1 Guide to Responding Study Guide for Ovid’s Metamorphoses Main Point Summary/Background: Metamorphoses is more than a collection of stories of mythical adventures, it is a meditation on the theme of metamorphosis or transformation in all its myriad forms. Grades 9–12 (Proficient) Storytelling joins the theme of transformation and the motif of art. Was it an object, a person, or an event? Unquestionably, the major theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses is transformations. • Copies of the poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo," by Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (available on the Academy of American Poets Web site at 1. 7. Open a discussion with your students by suggesting that sculptural art often presents characters isolated from the narrative context or setting. Popular examples include Ovid’s Metamorphoses and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Biography. His lovelorn attempts include listing his admirable qualities, including his divine strengths and heritage.) Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each paragraph aloud. Where can you see this effect? For Ovid, love was more often viewed as … The huge breadth of the stories Ovid tells ensured the popularity of the work even when Christian authorities frowned on the pagan content. R.CCR.10. Comparison of Ovid's and Kafka's Metamorphosis The Metamorphoses “Books of transformations” of the Roman poet Ovid, probably written from year 1 or 3 AD to around 8 AD, are in hexameters, known to be authored as mythological works on Metamorphoses (" transformations "). Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. Display a reproduction of Jan Boeckhorst's drawing Apollo and Daphne. Permissions: The lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Transformations in the Metamorphoses flow from the pursuit of or effects rendered by love. Give students time to read the poem once quietly. 5. The varied facets of this interassociation have now been illuminated by many critics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses and what it means. A summary of Part X (Section9) in Ovid's Metamorphoses. The most obvious, of course, are the physical transformations, in which a living being or material object acquires a new form. As its title suggests, Metamorphoses is an exploration of transformations of all kinds, from the pedestrian and obvious to the literary and oblique. • compose poems using metaphor. • How did Daphne escape his pursuit? In part one, students explore the theme of transformation in text and art by reading the story of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid's Metamorphoses and studying works of art related to the poem. Modern sculptors imagined the pristine white as "classic" for their "Neoclassical" artworks, when in fact ancient sculptures more often were colorfully painted. An important text that involved many myths is Metamorphoses, written by Ovid. Love and Transformation. • Have you ever been struck by something that you considered great but didn't have the words to describe? • Consider the sculpture you saw before (Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself). Challenge them to take the reader through the experience from a description to an emotional, reflective, or philosophical impact. Common Core College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards Have students consider the following: Speaking and Listening It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. ... Landscape in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Ovid was well known for his ability to tell phenomenal stories and this one was probably one of the greatest. Inform students that marble itself was a noble material that connected the work of art to the ancient world; its pristine white surface seems to suggest divine qualities of light. 37. Modern sculptors imagined the pristine white as "classic" for their "Neoclassical" artworks, when in fact ancient sculptures more often were colorfully painted. As noted, this love does not always have a positive result; in fact, often the case is quite the opposite. 4. • What part of the story does the artist draw in this image? (She prays to her father, a river god, that her purity remain intact and that her beauty be destroyed. 1. Metamorphoses, poem in 15 books, written in Latin about 8 CE by Ovid. • Discuss another example of transformation from ancient mythology—the tale of Queen Niobe, who wept so much that Zeus turned her into stone. Have partners discuss the poems by responding to the following questions: The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. What was its function? • Paper Display a reproduction of Jan Boeckhorst's drawing Apollo and Daphne. OK, so the poem is called The Metamorphoses; it doesn't take a genius to figure out that "Transformation" is going to be the most important theme.That said, you might be surprised by the wide range of transformations that happen in Ovid's book. 7. It was written in epic metre but instead of focussing on a unified epic narrative, it collects together a large number of self-contained stories, including the tales of Daphne and Apollo, Diana and Actaeon, Daedalus and Icarus, Orpheus and Euridice, Achilles, Midas and many more. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing Many gods and goddesses emerge as individual, complex characters that are multifaceted and multidimensional entities, whether in singular works or across generations of poets' writings. In the Metamorphoses, Ovid discusses tales of transformations and reveals a system of justice within them. • analyze ancient and modern texts. This type of poem may open with one idea—an argument—that may come to resolution by the end, a traditional transformation in sonnets. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing 5. Why? Landscape in Ovid's Metamorphoses A study in the transformations of a literary symbol. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814) Theme of Revenge in Metamorphoses Revenge is a recurring theme in the book Metamorphoses. Where can you see this effect? Give students time to read the poem once quietly. Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each stanza aloud. • How would you interpret the characters' expressions? Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. Unquestionably, the major theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses is transformations. Metamorphoses was the most influential of Ovid’s works for Shakespeare and his contemporaries. • If you were to compliment the artist for this drawing, what would you say he does well? (What is its original context? The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. The theme is presented in the opening lines of the poem, where the poet invokes the gods who are responsible for the changes to look favorably on his efforts to compose. It is usually the cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.) Open a discussion with students about the drawing, using the following questions: Consider sharing a copy of the original to bring to light the pattern of rhyming words at the end of the lines in German (abba, cddc, eef, gfg). (Wanting to teach the pompous god a lesson, the mischievous Cupid shot two arrows at the unsuspecting Apollo and the mortal Daphne. They then write an original poem that explores the theme of transformation. • What is Apollo's solution to his loss of love? Open a discussion with your students by suggesting that sculptural art often presents characters isolated from the narrative context or setting. What questions might a scholar want to ask if he or she discovered a fragment? Author: J. Paul Getty Museum Education Staff. What is similar, and what is different? The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. 5. Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9—12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. Nudity in art was reserved for mythological subjects, with the gods and goddesses nude as compared to clothed humanity. The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. Will you include a message or call to action like in Rilke's poem? • In the poem the speaker tries to describe the object that he sees. In addition to the idea of divine retribution, Ovid also plays with the theme of mortal daring, for it is by vexing Juno and rejecting nymphs that lead Echo and Narcissus to their respective punishments. Ask students if they can think of a film that is inspired by Greek or Roman mythology. • What problem sets the drama in motion? Have students write a poem that describes a transformation they've experienced. They then write an original poem that explores the theme of transformation. This line establishes one of the main themes of the poem, transformation, and links it to the gods. The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. (Use this question as an open summation for the experience of the work of art.) The Metamorphoses (Latin: Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is an 8 AD Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework. It is extremely rare to have a full history of any work of art, particularly fragments.) Ovid declares right at the beginning what his book is going to be about. Ovid begins by addressing the gods and asking them to bless his undertaking. Some of the metamorphoses are straightforwardly literal: Diana turns Actaeon into a deer, for example, or Juno changes Callisto into a bear. In part one, students explore the theme of transformation in text and art by reading the story of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid's Metamorphoses and studying works of art related to the poem. 6. Daphne, already known for her chastity, becomes all the more revolted by the lust directed at her.) • Consider the sculpture you saw before (Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself). Students will be assessed on their ability to: Transformation. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Speaking and Listening Give students time to address their peers' feedback. • What inspired your transformation? Popular examples include Ovid’s Metamorphoses and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Biography. • read and analyze ancient and modern texts. (The arrow transformed the usually sober character of Apollo into a lustful pursuant of the chaste nymph. Simultaneously, however, the nudity distances the deity from the mortal (clothed/cultured) experience, especially when the nude form suggests an idealized, immortal beauty. It was Ovid’s vast retelling of the great myths of Greek and Roman civilisation that became the definitive classical text on the subject of transformation. RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). • Reproduction of Apollo Crowning Himself by Antonio Canova • What do you think draws someone's attention to a fragmentary work of art (e.g., curiosity of what is unknown, space for the imagination, a barometer of time and loss)? In part two, students read an ekphrastic poem by Rainer Maria Rilke and study a related work of art. Display an image of Young Man and distribute copies of a translation of the ekphrastic poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo" by Rainer Maria Rilke. Try to describe something by saying what it is like. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses and what it means. Use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast it with the fragment of Young Man. Will you include a message or call to action like in Rilke's poem? The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. 6. • Encourage students to create an object for display during the performance of their poem that symbolizes the transformation they addressed in their writing. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In part one, students explore the theme of transformation in text and art by reading the story of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid's Metamorphoses and studying works of art related to the poem. Extension (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.) The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. Open a discussion about the poem by asking students the following: Hence, the focus shifts from the action of the story to the content of the character. (The expression is blank, which is quite common in the stoic demeanor of ancient statuary. Grades/Level: High School (9–12) Reading: Literature Many of the tales told by Ovid interact with the theme of impossible love—but especially the story of … • What problem sets the drama in motion? What is missing? Five main sub-categorical causes stem from love-provoked transformations: sexual encounters, escape, sorrow, punishment, and romantic love. • What is Apollo's solution to his loss of love? (The hair, like leaves, hides the face; arms like branches; feet like roots; the abdomen, the trunk, etc.) Have students listen for the figurative language employed by their peers. Throughout the story, he takes beliefs that were significant at the time, and mocks them through the theme of transformation. The Odyssey (c. 800 BC) takes us on an epic voyage f… Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. Open a discussion with students about the drawing, using the following questions: (Both are carved from stone, both are male subjects; one is divine, the other is human; one is nude, the other is clothed [see part 1, step 6, to review heroic nudity].) RL.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. Share with students that artists often interpret stories from the past in original works of art. • What does the sculptor convey about Apollo through his expression? The Saylor Foundation 1 Guide to Responding Study Guide for Ovid’s Metamorphoses Main Point Summary/Background: Metamorphoses is more than a collection of stories of mythical adventures, it is a meditation on the theme of metamorphosis or transformation in all its myriad forms. • What is happening in the poem? (A speaker expresses his thoughts while experiencing a fragment of an ancient sculpture. Display an image of Young Man and ask the following questions: Get this from a library! Part Two: Ekphrasis and Rilke's Poetry Grades 11–12 Where can you find examples of figurative language in the poem? In part two, students read an ekphrastic poem by Rainer Maria Rilke and study a related work of art. Major Themes in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Each myth is a work of art within the larger work of art that is Metamorphoses. • If you were to compliment the artist for this drawing, what would you say he does well? This epic involved many stories of different gods and different humans and their interactions. 3. Reading: Literature • Copies of "Daphne and Phoebus" (Ovid, Metamorphoses, Book 1, lines 452—566) (available on the Theoi E-Texts Library Web site at http://www.theoi.com/Text/OvidMetamorphoses1.html#6) Metamorphoses is a series of myths in which gods and mortals transform, or change their bodies to become something else. Lesson Overview. R.CCR.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. (Apollo, known for his usual restraint, boasts of his superiority to Cupid. Inform students that this classically inspired sculpture, like many of its kind, displays the heroic nudity of its subject. (Wanting to teach the pompous god a lesson, the mischievous Cupid shot two arrows at the unsuspecting Apollo and the mortal Daphne. Grades/Level: High School (9–12) • compose poems using metaphor. Part One: Apollo and Daphne 6. Learn how the author incorporated them and why. Stories from ancient Greece and Rome have been interpreted and reinterpreted for centuries. So many different changes occur that people have long tried to find patterns in them and reasons that might explain why Ovid wrote his most famous poem. Time Required: 3–5–Part Lesson • Artists can use strong light and shadow side by side to draw attention to important details in a scene. The Metamorphoses The Metamorphoses is Ovid's longest extant work, a continuous epic poem in fifteen books, consisting of nearly 12,000 lines. The Metamorphoses (Latin: Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is an 8 AD Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework. • How will you end your poem? Free, fun, and packed with easy-to-understand explanations! Discuss the story with the following prompts: This 15-book epic is a rollercoaster of a read, with moments of both delicious joy and abject depravity. RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. The nudity brings the deity into the realm of human emotion, experience, and expression, since the body is recognizable to the viewer. What is similar, and what is different? Have students consider the following: Writing Display an image of Red-Figure Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the story are depicted on the vessel. Anderson, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, 493, 501, 517, shows that it is possible to fit the stories to the declared theme, but only through careful interpretation. At the same time, however, a lead arrow struck the nymph, turning her feelings to those of revulsion.) Display an image of Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself. • How is the human body compared to a tree? • What motivates each of the main characters? Lewis famously pointed out in The Allegory of Love (1936), our current, predominantly romantic notions of love were "invented" in the Middle Ages. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791.) What questions might a scholar want to ask if he or she discovered a fragment? Metamorphoses Book 3: Pentheus and Bacchus. Theme of Revenge in Metamorphoses Revenge is a recurring theme in the book Metamorphoses. One recurring theme of Metamorphoses is that of Love. 3 With each passing generation, Ovid’s popular book was used in new ways and meant ... a recurrent theme in the Metamorphoses: the gods taking mortal girls as lovers. Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Learn and understand all of the themes found in Metamorphoses, such as Transformation. Have you ever experienced a deep and powerful reaction to something that happened all of a sudden? • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. • Which parts of the poem would benefit from further explanation or detail? Subjects: Visual Arts, English–Language Arts In Roman stories, he commonly was called Phoebus when referring to his role as the god of light. Ovid takes stories relevant to his culture and time period, and weaves them together into one work with a connecting theme of transformation throughout. "Metamorphoses" means transformations, and transformation is the governming theme of the text. (A speaker expresses his thoughts while experiencing a fragment of an ancient sculpture. 4. Compare and contrast how Apollo is presented differently in the various texts and images. 4. The main theme in this epic is the theme of change and transformation, which is the center of most of the myths that are told in the epic. • Connect to biological science by exploring examples of transformation that occur in nature (e.g., butterflies). 2. • Which line or description do you think is most effective? The theme is presented in the opening lines of the poem, where the poet invokes the gods who are responsible for the changes to look favorably on his efforts to compose. • What is happening in the poem? • What do you think draws someone's attention to a fragmentary work of art (e.g., curiosity of what is unknown, space for the imagination, a barometer of time and loss)? The emotion seemingly turns inward—stoic and reserved—rather than manifesting itself in an outward expression of loss.) Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each stanza aloud. In the Metamorphoses Ovid retells stories from the Greek myths, arranging them in roughly chronological order, from the origins of the world to his own times. Grades 9–10 Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Metamorphoses, poem in 15 books, written in Latin about 8 CE by Ovid. Try to describe something by saying what it is like. Open a discussion about the poem by asking students the following: Reading: Literature His charming and graceful versions, full of life and interest, express his humanist approach, his feeling for pathos, and his endless curiosity and delight in human affairs. 2. Generally, the gods either grant transformations in response to prayers, but for those transformed unwillingly, the change was normally cast as a punishment. At the same time, however, a lead arrow struck the nymph, turning her feelings to those of revulsion.) Cupid is mischievous, and proves tricky in his ability to transform the god into a love-crazed fool. on the Jacket Magazine Web site at http://jacketmagazine.com/36/beck-rilke-torso.shtml. After students have written their first drafts, invite them to share their poems with partners first.

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